A History of the Byzantine State and Society. From there, in 663, he continued to Italy. His special interests include pottery, architecture, world mythology and discovering the ideas that all civilizations share in common. p. 312. Add your article. [12] The same books also described Constantinople in some detail as having massive granite walls and a water clock mounted with a golden statue of man. Later that same year, his uncle was deposed by the general Valentinus, one of Heraclius’ most trusted generals, and Constans II was left as sole emperor. The Chinese dynastic histories of the Old Book of Tang and New Book of Tang mention several embassies made by Fu lin (拂菻), which they equated with Daqin (the Roman Empire). CONSTANS II, Follis Constantinople en 641-668, 2,96 grms, Sear.1007 TB+/ B à TB F+ 24.52 US$ + 11.65 US$ shipping Delivery: 7 - 10 days "θὲς ἄλλῳ νὶκην", see Bury, John Bagnell (1889). Whittow) trace the development of the themes no further back than Constans II. The plausible solution to why Constans reacts after the Battle of the Masts, is that Constans ended According to Warren Treadgold, the first themes were created between 659 and 661, during the reign of Constans II.[10]. The Byzantine Empire, c. 650 CE.by Justinian43 (CC BY-SA). He used the pause to strengthen his defenses and consolidate Byzantine control over Armenia. Due to rumors that Heraklonas and Martina poisoned Constantine III, Constans II was named co-emperor. We have also been recommended for educational use by the following publications: Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization registered in Canada. Cartwright, Mark. He was the last emperor to serve as consul, in 642. Later that same year, his uncle was deposed by the general Valentinus, one of Heraclius’ most trusted generals, and Constans II was left as sole emperor. In 649 CE Cyprus was attacked, one of the empire's major naval bases, and though the island remained a shared property thereafter, the Arabs managed to sack the capital Constantia and destroy the harbour installations. But he was a quick learner and a talented general. ... but his son and grandson (Constantine III and Constans II) are also possibilities. The emperor attempted some sort of reconciliation and came bearing gifts which included a gold pallium or cloth; then he promptly stripped the city of as much bronze he could find, spiriting away statues and even the bronze roof tiles of churches and the copper roofing of the Pantheon. [12] Other contacts are reported taking place in 667, 701, and perhaps 719, sometimes through Central Asian intermediaries. Warren Treadgold, Byzantium and Its Army 284–1081 (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1995). On 15 September 668, he was assassinated in his bath by his chamberlain,[11] according to Theophilus of Edessa, with a bucket. After the death of Constantine III's father Heraclius, Constantine ruled with his half-brother Heraklonas through Heraclius' second marriage to Martina. Continue Reading. Icons, that is images of holy persons, were an important part of... Monasticism, that is individuals devoting themselves to an ascetic... Pilgrimage in the Byzantine Empire involved the Christian faithful... Trade and commerce were essential components of the success and... A Short History of Byzantium by John Julius Norwich, Constantius II: Usurpers, Eunuchs and the Antichrist. Constans II, also called Constantine the Bearded, was emperor of the Byzantine Empire from 641 to 668. Solidus of Constans II (from Dumbarton Oaks coin collection) The Themes in 668 AD from A History of the Byzantine State and Society by Warren Treadgold Period: 656-668 In 659 he campaigned far to the east, taking advantage of a rebellion against the Caliphate in Media. ", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Constans_II&oldid=996059562, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from September 2012, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from January 2019, Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Imperator Caesar Heraclius/Flavius Constantinus Augustus, This page was last edited on 24 December 2020, at 08:49. In 647 they entered Armenia and Cappadocia and sacked Caesarea Mazaca. Sometimes known as Constans Pogonatos (“the Bearded”), he came to the throne by a series of unlikely events and his empire was immediately challenged almost everywhere by the rising Arab Caliphate. Heraclius had ruled as emperor since 610 CE, and his reign was a mixed one. Cheetham, Nicolas. He was the last emperor to serve as consul, in 642. Constans II (Greek: Κώνστας Β', Kōnstas II; Latin: Heraclius Constantinus Augustus or Flavius Constantinus Augustus; 7 November 630 – 15 September 668), also called Constantine the Bearded (Κωνσταντῖνος ὁ Πωγωνάτος Kōnstantinos ho Pogonatos), was emperor of the Byzantine Empire from 641 to 668. Google Arts & Culture features content from over 2000 leading museums and archives who have partnered with the Google Cultural Institute to bring the world's treasures online. Perhaps predictably, at the first opportunity, 5,000 of the Slav soldiers defected to the Arabs in 665 CE. Constans II had little time to warm the seat of his throne before he had to deal with the ever-expanding Arab Caliphate. He had rescued the empire from disaster when Constantinople was besieged in 626 CE but had lost Jerusalem to the Persians. While the Caliphate was busy deciding who should be the next caliph, Constans did not waste any time and invaded northern Greece. Please note that content linked from this page may have different licensing terms. Ancient History Encyclopedia. He holds an MA in Political Philosophy and is the Publishing Director at AHE. Solidus of Constans II (from Dumbarton Oaks coin collection) The Themes in 668 AD from A History of the Byzantine State and Society by Warren Treadgold Calliopas, constans ii and the themes it out in 653 II and Constantine IV, 13 April -... From 656 CE, and Tiberius had been associated on the throne since the 650s development. Which would last until 661 CE and divert their attention from further foreign conquests different terms. Arabs, who continued to tear away at imperial possessions Director at AHE from. To become consul in 642 649 they launched their first maritime expedition against Crete terms. 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