This increased sensitivity has coincided with the introduction of a variety of genetically engineered (GE) crops in the 1990s and 2000s. It is the balance between the need for food production and preservation of the ecological system. 5. This site is managed by the U.S. Department of State. Understanding this will help manage not only your expectations, but whether or not your yield potential is matching your actual production. 3. These practices emphasize the methods and processes that improve soil productivity while minimizing harmful effects on the climate, soil, water, air, biodiversity and human health. Learning how to improve crop yields is key to successful farming, and access to new technologies and planting methods has given farmers an opportunity increase crop production – the key to maintaining the long term sustainability of their farm. Recent meta-analyses with global coverage show that organic crop yields are on average 80% (de Ponti et al. 1.1 What services must be assured for male and female workers? This means that corn-on-corn planting should only be considered when your soil conditions are strong enough, or your land mass is limited. To maximize crop yields, crop plant varieties are carefully selected to match local growing conditions. Limiting factors, especially water, mineral nitrogen, and mineral phosphate, are supplied in excess, and pests are actively controlled. The concept of high-performance agriculture is key in understanding the importance of crop yields. Non-GMO seeds combine sustainability and cost seamlessly, which accounts for both quality and cost. Soil testing should be on your to do list right from the get-go, because your soil and its needs will directly influence the growth of your crops. This results in crops that not only yield more, but continually produce year in and year out. Consider your crops like the ingredients in a recipe; the quality of your soil, your seeds, and your planting practices will determine the overall strength of the final product — the crops you are growing. In today’s economy, being able to do things efficiently is as important as ever. These tips will provide you with a strong start so you are able to begin putting them into practice, and start maximizing corn yields on your farm. You want to ensure that you are maximizing your space and the land you have worked to cultivate. How can water be used and … It is not just enough to plan your seeds and hope for the best, you should always be sure to understand your field’s growth potential. Developing a drainage system in your crops can help prevent waterlogging and salinization in your soil, both of which can stifle growth and production. crops and animals and their ecological management. Using hybrid seeds that are naturally inclined to grow faster, stronger, and with greater efficiency is pivotal to the success of your crops. The most sage advice you can receive about how to increase crop yields is by scouting your fields on foot. This will give you a chance to assess soil conditions, notice any weeds cropping up, and check that your crops are growing healthily. http://www.almanac.com/content/when-soil-ready-planting Some of the practices include permaculture, hydroponics and aquaponics, polycultures, mulching, rotating crops, planting cover crops, reducing or eliminating tillage, integrated pest management, integrating livestock and crops, and agroforestry practices. Digital technologies are now being introduced in agriculture to add value to the farmlands thereby helping the framers achieve maximum returns on their crop yields. Which is the best place to sow? The root-zone at the base of your crops is the most important area to facilitate growth so your corn can thrive and produce an impressive yield. A recent study conducted by MSU Kellogg Biological Station scientists demonstrates significant benefit to both the environment and to crop yield for farmers practicing no-till versus tilled agriculture over many years. Cultivating your soil with fertilizers is an important part of maintaining optimal soil conditions for crops on your farmland. 4. http://www.cornsouth.com/articles/9-tips-for-high-yields/ 1. Sustainable practices aim to minimize the use of inputs from nonrenewable sources and petroleum-based products, replacing them with renewable resources. 2012), 66–95% (Seufert et al. The increase in yields for both crops over the last 13 years, the report finds, was largely due to traditional breeding or improvements in agricultural practices. 1.2 What services must be assured for workers? Planting an alternating crop helps to diversify the demands on your soil. The excess inputs applied, whether fertilizers or pesticides, can have adverse effects on the environment if left untreated. Yet, no single silver bullet exists. Choosing the right time to plant is often the most important part of planting. The science behind seeds has greatly improved, but there are still techniques and methods to increase your overall efficiency on the farm. Crop yields can be as complex as they are important for your farm. It is a practice designed to preserve the productive capacity of the soil, minimize pests and diseases, reduce chemical use, and manage nutrient requirements, all of which help to maximize yield. http://www.agprofessional.com/news/Study-reveals-yield-limiting-factors-for-continuous-corn-252731591.html Scouting your fields gives you the opportunity to see if any weeds are cropping up — and putting a stop to them before the problem can get out of hand. Weeds are invasive, and siphon nutrients away from the crops you are trying to grow. These practices emphasize the methods and processes that improve soil productivity while minimizing harmful effects on the climate, soil, water, … Then the soil can be treated with the appropriate organic product needed to solve the problem, without the use of synthetic chemicals … How should Good Agricultural Practices be implemented? YALI Voices is a series of podcasts, videos and blog posts contributed by members of the YALI Network. Sustainable farming focuses on producing food while having a minimal effect on the environment. Increase Crop Yield Since late 2011, we have worked tirelessly to develop a new approach that will help farmers increase crop yields and profitability in a sustainable way. How can working conditions be improved and those of male and female workers? Use of hybrid seeds that … Learning how to increase agricultural productivity is always on a farmer’s mind, and there are multiple techniques to help improve your corn yields year after year. http://www.cropnutrition.com/understanding-fertilizer-and-its-essential-role-in-high-yielding-crops Agri-cultural sustainability does not, therefore, mean ruling out any technologies or practices on ideological grounds (e.g., genetically modified crop, organic practice)sprovided they improve productivity for farmers, and do … The following are acceptable with a suitable description of the practice or how the results of the practice would increase crop yields : • Develop and plant high-yielding varieties of crops. With this “climate change threat” to agriculture, a key challenge to agricultural science is to further understand the nature of how climate change adversely affects the yields of various crops worldwide. The answer is that we need more productive and sustainable farming methods. 2. Water management is essential to crop survival and maximizing your corn’s yield potential. http://www.extension.umn.edu/agriculture/water/planning-a-subsurface-drainage-system/ Sustainable farming is viable and has the potential to increase yields and feed a growing population without destroying living conditions. http://corn.agronomy.wisc.edu/AA/A014.aspx The consumption of fertilizer in … Photo Credit: G.P. Diversification practices generally maintained at the same level or even increased crop yields. How must the soil be prepared? Intensification of crop production over the last 50 years has come to be known as the ‘green revolution’ and has been achieved by the use of modern high-yielding varieties while greater benefits have been realized from chemical fertilizers, irrigation, and weed and pest control. Robertson, MSU KBS If you don’t have access to either, you may need to consider planting alternative crops in alternating years — such as soybeans. http://agron-www.agron.iastate.edu/courses/Agron541/classes/541/lesson01a/1a.3.html http://cornandsoybeandigest.com/4-ways-boost-corn-yield Links to external sites should not be construed as an endorsement of the views or privacy policies expressed on those sites. Improved agricultural practices have the potential to sequester about 60,000 tons of CO 2-equivalents per year, while simultaneously increasing crop yields, diversifying income sources and reducing the vulnerability of small farmers to climate change. Having quality seeds is the basis for increasing crop yields. between various crops. http://farmindustrynews.com/business/crop-yield-champions-kip-cullers-and-randy-dowdy-share-secrets-growing-high-yield-corn-and- http://www.blm.gov/nstc/library/pdf/MeasAndMon.pdf Understanding the kind of crops you’re planting, and the kinds of seeds you are using, is important when assessing yield potential. To put it simply, planting has benefitted from the introduction of science and technology in farming. The views and opinions expressed here belong to the author and do not necessarily reflect those of the YALI Network or the U.S. government. Agricultural Practices Agricultural practices focused exclusively on crop yields at a local scale can be transformed to practices focused on sustainable production at a global scale through a better understanding of what soils need beyond specific constituent amendments to effectively carry out their metabolic processes. The UCS report comes at a time when food price spikes and localized shortages worldwide have prompted calls to boost agricultural productivity, or yield -- the amount of a crop produced per unit of land over a specified amount of time. It’s important to ensure your crop is getting enough water, but also that they aren’t being over-watered. Weeds always need to be dealt with as early and often as possible. New farming practices can increase yields and lower pollution in China, Stanford study shows . Planting corn in consecutive years has been proven to be less effective for optimal yields. Cotton and rice showed the lowest increases, while maize, potatoes and some legumes (beans, pigeon peas, and others) demonstrated more than 100% increases. It will also let you know when proper soil conditions are forming, such as the optimal density and right amount of nutrients, so you are ready to start planting. Implementing this kind of farming requires a growing awareness of sustainability among policymakers, producers and consumers. Circles, means of estimates from each … In the past several decades, agricultural management practices consisting of intensive tillage and high rate of fertilization to improve crop yields have resulted in the degradation of soil and environmental qualities by increasing erosion and nutrient leaching in the groundwater and releasing greenhouses gases, such as carbon dioxide (CO2) and nitrous oxide (N2O), that cause global warming … Crop yields not only determine your efficiency, but your bottom-line as well. The question is, how do we make sure that future agricultural production guarantees food security for our population without destroying its own resource base? Multimethod estimates of global crop yield changes in response to temperature increase. There is a lot you can miss when you are passing by your crops at high speeds, so hitting the ground and examining your crops is an important step towards a stronger crop yield. The prevalence of these pollutants in the environment is expected to increase in the future as population growth drives agricultural … Innovations, such as the use of fertilizer, the creation of better farming tools, new methods of farming and improved crop varieties, have improved yields. This doesn’t mean that you can’t try something, fail, and learn, but it does mean that attempts to increase efficiency could affect your bottom line. http://www.omafra.gov.on.ca/english/crops/pub811/1planting.htm Testing soils to determine the cause of declining crop yield is the first step toward finding the source of the issue—whether it’s disease, a lack of nutrients, or unproductive soil. Whether you are looking into increasing your corn yields, or maximizing your overall agricultural productivity, you need to consider the strength of your seeds. Planting early can result in increased yields by taking advantage of unexpectedly early favorable soil conditions. Crop producers typically have an estimated idea of the yield potential of their seeds. http://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2013/09/22/high-performance-agriculture.aspx (A) Impacts on crop yields of a 1 °C increase in global temperature in grid-based simulations (Grid-Sim), point-based simulations (Point-Sim), field-warming experiments (Point-Obs), and statistical regressions at the country level (Regres_A) and the global level (Regres_B) . -- p. 2 "Gulf Coast region upland soils are ordinarily deficient in nitrogen and need to be supplied with liberal quantities of organic matter if profitable crop yields are to be produced. These practices focus on local people and their knowledge, skills, socio-cultural values and institutional structures to ensure that the basic nutritional requirements of current and future generations are met, both in terms of quantity and quality. Based on assumptions about the financial investment required in converting from conventional tilling to no-till agricultural practices at the study’s onset, overall farmer profits were initially reduced, despite the increase in actual crop yields in no-till fields each year. Contributed by Margaret Agyeman, Regional Leadership Center alumna, Ghana. Corn crop yield rates have steadily increased over time, thanks to hardier corn hybrids and smarter planting practices. III. The enhanced biodiversity created by diversification practices improved pollination and pest regulation by natural enemies. In some parts of the world, a growing number of innovative farmers are taking a different path, moving toward a farming system that is more sustainable — environmentally, economically and socially. How much you can produce within a given amount of land is essentially how efficient you are as a farmer. Something else that can help increase crop yield is the proper application of nutrients to the soil in order to promote plant growth. The best strategy to use to increase yields is: if your soil is ready, start planting. Though many technologies and practices have been used in these “success projects”, the authors Today’s hybrid seeds create a more sustainable product, but knowing if your field is ready for early planting is just as important. Using hybrid seeds that are naturally inclined to grow faster, stronger, and with greater efficiency is pivotal to the success of your crops. 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